Fear is a broad range of emotions that embrace both the secular and the religious worlds. Secular fear is the natural feeling of alarm caused by the expectation of imminent danger, pain, or disaster. Religious fear appears as the result of awe and reverence toward a supreme power.
Terminology. The English word “fear” is used to translate several Hebrew and Greek words. In the Old Testament, the most common word used to express fear is yir’ah, which means “fear, “terror” (Isaiah 7:25; Jonah 1:10,16). In the New Testament, the word used most often to express fear is phobos which means “fear,” “dread,” “terror” (Matthew 28:4; Luke 21:26).
My article on “Fear,” published in the Holman Bible Dictionary, is available online.
Here is the link: Fear in the Bible
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Professor of Old Testament
Northern Baptist Seminary